- Archer, T. M. (1993). Focus groups for kids. Journal of Extension, [On-line], 31(1).
- Duncan, S., & Marotz-Baden, R. (1999). Using focus groups to identify rural participant needs in balancing work and family education. Journal of Extension, [On-line], 37(1).
- Gamon, J. A. (1992). Focus groups: A needs assessment tool. Journal of Extension, [On-line], 30(1).
- Holz-Clause, M., & Jost, M. (1995). Using focus groups to check youth perceptions of agriculture. Journal of Extension, [On-line], 33(3).
- Marczak M, Sewell M. Using Focus Groups for Evaluation. University of Arizona.
- Nordstrom, P. A., Wilson, L. L., Kelsey, T. W., Maretzki, A. N., & Pitts, C. W. (2000). The use of focus group interviews to evaluate agriculture educational materials for students, teachers, and consumers. Journal of Extension, [On-line],38(5).
- This link provides a concise description of conducting a focus group. Grudens-Schuck, N., Allen, B. L., & Larson, K. 2004. Focus group fundamentals. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Extension.
- This document is part of a series of tip sheets developed by the Program Development & Evaluation Unit ,University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension. Program Development and Evaluation, Focus Group Interviews, Quick Tips #5, University of Wisconsin-Extension, Madison, WI.
- DBarnett J. Focus Group Tips for Beginners. Texas Center for the Advancement of Literacy and Learning.
- Rennekamp R, Nall M. Using Focus Groups in Program Development and Evaluation. University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension.
- University of Wisconsin Institute for Clinical and Translational Research.
- University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Guidelines for Conducting Focus Groups.
Babbie, E. 2013. The Practice of Social Research, Thirteenth Edition.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Cresswell, J.W., & Plano Clark, V.L. 2010. Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research – 2nd Edition.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Knodel, J. 1993. Design and analysis of focus group studies. Sage.
- Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. 2009. Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research – 4th Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Morgan, D.L. 1997. Focus groups as Qualitative Research. Sage.
- Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M.W., & Freeman, H. 2004. Evaluation : A Systematic Approach - 7th Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Russ-Eft, D., & Preskill, H. 2009. Evaluation in Organizations: A Systematic Approach to Enhancing Learning, Performance and Change.New York: Basic Books.
- Vaughn, S., Schumm, J. S., & Sinagub, J. 1996. Focus group interviews in education and psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Wheatly, K.L., & Flexner, W.A. 1988. Dimensions that make focus groups work. Marketing News, 22(10): 16-17.
- Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. 1984. Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage
See the online lecture: "The Art and Science of Interviewing Groups: Focus Group Fundamentals," by Professor Elizabeth J. Kramer, School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
George, M. 2012. Teaching focus group interviewing: benefits and challenges. Teaching Sociology 41(3) 257–270. American Sociological Association 2012. DOI: 10.1177/0092055X12465295
- This link from the New York State Teachers Centers provides the rationale for using a focus group to collect data, designing the process and questions, data analysis and links to resources for communicating results.
- Kidd, P. S. and Parshall, M. B. 2000. Getting the focus and the group: enhancing analytical rigor in focus group research. Qualitative Health Research 10(3): 293-308. (doi: 10.1177/104973200129118453)
- This link provides instructions for planning, organizing and implementing focus groups and analyzing data. Office of Assessment, Duke University Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. How to Conduct a Focus Group.
- Colorado State University, Tri-Ethnic Center, Community Readiness Model.
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