How to Report It
Reporting Considerations Unique to Economics
For general guidelines on report writing How To Report It in Module 2. For reporting economic impact analyses, you may want to consider the following points with particular care.
- Provide an introduction to the issue you are addressing to set both the results and the justification for carrying out the analysis in a wider context and to help readers understand the current situation or issue.
- Include a brief summary of other literature in the general subject area and summarize the findings of your project to place in context.
- Clearly state the hypothesis your study is testing or the comparison you are interested in assessing as a basis for measuring impact.
- State how (if) your study is different from other studies (if any). What is new about your impact assessment? What does it contribute to knowledge in this area? If you have approached the issue differently from what has been done before. Be sure to highlight what is different about your analysis.
- Give a concise, accurate and complete description of your data sources and how you analyzed the data.
- Report what your study shows, paying attention to the hypothesis or comparison that you set out to test/make. Again be clear and concise, but give a complete account of your assessment of the economic impact as measured in your work.
- If appropriate to the goals of your project, and using the results as an evidence base, make any recommendations that arise from your work.
Specifics For Each Type Of Analysis
In a cost-effectiveness study, you will have two measures to compare the different approaches, the cost of each approach and a measure of its effectiveness. The cost will be measured in dollars but the effectiveness will be measured in units relevant to the details of the study (e.g. number of pesticide applications, index of exposure risk, pest population size).
In a cost-benefit study, both the costs and benefits of the IPM practice or project will be measured in financial terms. It is also common practice to adjust costs and benefits to their net present values by using discounting.
In a partial budget study, information will be collected both on the items entering the budget calculation and their costs. This allows for multiple, detailed comparisons to be made between the different practices in the study.